There are different types of heart disease. About 25% of all Americans have one or more types of cardiovascular disease. The major ones are coronary, artheroclerosis, angina, congenital and arrhythmia. Blood pressure, diabetes and cholesterol can contribute to heart disease if it is not controlled. The first stages are cracks in the blood vessel walls. The second stage is when the body tries to repair itself by depositing fatty substances (cholesterol) inside the blood vessels to fill the cracks. Over time, the fat can clog the blood vessels, thus causing a heart attack or stroke.
Causes of Cardiovascular disease
Some of the causes and major risk factors can lead to heart disease. One of them is high blood pressure. Also, obesity, smoking and high cholesterol levels along with high pressure increase your risk of heart disease and stroke.
Symptoms cardiovascular disease
Symptoms vary according to the type of heart disease. Some heart diseases cause no symptoms in the early stages. Each person may experience different symptoms. Some may have chest pain or shortness of breath, fatigue and palpitations – sometimes, fainting and lightheadedness. Women sometimes experience a pain in the lower back – also, the fat around the stomach area could be a symptom of heart disease.
Prevention cardiovascular disease
Some forms of heart disease can be prevented. Exercise regularly, and maintain a low salt and low fat diet avoid smoking and reduce your weight. Also, a healthy diet high in Vitamin C like grains, fruits and vegetables is beneficial. Regardless of the risk level, lifestyle changes are essential. The following rules need to be observed:
Maintain a heart healthy diet
Reduce your weight
Treatment cardiovascular disease
Omega-3 fatty acid is a natural medication and can be beneficial to the heart and have a therapeutic effect. Omega-3 is found in fish such as salmon, tuna and mackerel. There are medical treatments that include aspirin and anti-angina drugs, blood pressure and beta-blockers and cholesterol lowering drugs. Unstable angina is treated aggressively including surgery. There are anti-clotting drugs that break up blood clots. This is useful for patients with severe heart disease.
Treatment Centers cardiovascular disease
There are treatment centers that provide research and patient care through the Health System. The research is aimed at improving and simplifying the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. The treatment aims at improving the quality of life. There are also support groups for stroke survivors and their families. These sessions are extremely beneficial to those who have suffered a stroke and need counseling. It is important to visit the treatment centers on a regular basis after undergoing treatment, as they will provide you with all the support that you need for survivors of a stroke or heart attack.